Adjusted Styles of Communication
- (ASC)In contrast with the common claim that shamanism is fundamentally a matter of achieving, controlling, and utilizing altered states of consciousness (also ASC), it may be preferable to think of shamans as adjusting their styles of communication. In animist cultures, shamans are (among other things) ritual leaders who mediate with other-thanhuman persons by means of respectful etiquette. The advantages of this reconfiguration of “ASC” are that it avoids claims about individuals’ immediate experiences (which are likely to be inaccessible) and focuses attention on shamanic practices, actions, or performances— which are central to the concerns of those who employ shamans and may be seen as signs of the relationship between shamans and those who possess or help them.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Acronyms and Abbreviations — AIM American Indian Movement ASC Altered States of Consciousness; Adjusted Styles of Communication CIIS California Institute of Integral Studies CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique FSS Foundation for Shamanic Studies ITA… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Introduction — There are shamans who may be able to heal, and others who may be successful at controlling game animals. Some shamans alter consciousness or use trance, others shape shift and journey to other worlds. Some mediate between their communities and … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Peyote — Name derived from the Nahuatl word peyotl for the buttons of a cactus indigenous to Mexico and the southwestern United States. Its ingestion is central to the rituals of the Native American Church and Huichol (Wixáritari) shamans. Academic and … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Amaringo, Pablo — (1938 or 1943– ) Peruvian Amazonian former vegetalista whose paintings of “ayahuasca visions” were published in a book (1991) he coauthored with Luis Luna (who had met Amaringo during ethnobotanical work with Dennis McKenna). Although the… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
architecture — /ahr ki tek cheuhr/, n. 1. the profession of designing buildings, open areas, communities, and other artificial constructions and environments, usually with some regard to aesthetic effect. Architecture often includes design or selection of… … Universalium
United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… … Universalium
Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… … Universalium
Bridle — A bridle is a piece of equipment used to control a horse. The bridle fits over a horse s head, and has the purpose of controlling the horse. It holds a bit in the horse s mouth. As defined in the Oxford English Dictionary, a bridle includes a… … Wikipedia
literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… … Universalium
cañada — /keuhn yah deuh, yad euh/, n. Chiefly Western U.S. 1. a dry riverbed. 2. a small, deep canyon. [1840 50; < Sp, equiv. to cañ(a) CANE + ada n. suffix] * * * Canada Introduction Canada Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural resources … Universalium