- European Paleolithic painted and engraved rock art imagery, especially in the caves of France (such as Lascaux) and Spain (such as Altamira), has been interpreted as evidence of “art for art’s sake,” hunting magic, totemism, structuralism—and shamanism. The latter idea has received revived attention since the late 1980s. Demorest Davenport and Michael Jochim (1988) argued the avian characteristics of the bird-topped “staff” and the simple human stick figure in the Lascaux “shaft scene” might be interpreted as an example of a shaman engaging with and perhaps transforming into a bird spirit helper. In the same year, two South African scholars (David Lewis-Williams and Thomas Dowson), working on Southern African Bushman (San) rock art, proposed a neuropsychological model for interpreting geometric forms in European cave art as entoptic phenomena, as well as for interpreting iconic forms as evidence of shamanistic visions and experiences. Lewis-Williams and Dowson’s model has been controversial, but while some critics remain “shamanaphobic” (e.g., Bahn 1997, 1998; Solomon 2000; Kehoe 2000), the vast majority of specialists concur that at least a significant proportion of cave art imagery—and similarly that in some other rock art traditions—is likely to be derived from the altered states of consciousness associated with shamanisms.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
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cave art — /ˈkeɪv at/ (say kayv aht) noun artworks drawn, stencilled, or engraved on the walls of a cave … Australian English dictionary
cave art — noun : the art of Paleolithic man represented by drawings and paintings on the walls of caves especially in Europe * * * paintings and engravings on the walls of caves and rock shelters, esp. naturalistic depictions of animals, produced by Upper… … Useful english dictionary
cave art — paintings and engravings on the walls of caves and rock shelters, esp. naturalistic depictions of animals, produced by Upper Paleolithic peoples of western Europe between about 28,000 and 10,000 years ago. [1920 25] * * * … Universalium
Cave Art Hotel — (Ургуп,Турция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Yukari Mah. Manastir Sokak No:11 Mustafapasa … Каталог отелей
The Sorcerer (cave art) — The Sorcerer is one name for an enigmatic cave painting found in a cavern known as The Sanctuary at Trois Frères, Ariège, France. It appears to depict a man dressed as a stag (or, alternatively, a half human, half stag). Its date is approximately … Wikipedia
Cave painting — Cave paintings are paintings on cave walls and ceilings, and the term is used especially for those dating to prehistoric times. The earliest known European cave paintings date to 32,000 years ago. The purpose of the cave paintings is not known.… … Wikipedia
Cave of Chufín — Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country Spain Type Cultural Criteria … Wikipedia
Cave hyena — Temporal range: Middle to Late Pleistocene Crocuta crocuta spelaea skeleton from the Muséum de Toulouse … Wikipedia
Art Rupestre — préhistorique de la vallée du Côa … Wikipédia en Français
Art rupestre — préhistorique de la vallée du Côa … Wikipédia en Français