- Shamans in many cultures are expected to combat users of malevolent magic, witches, or sorcerers—or they may be suspected of being witches or sorcerers themselves. Obeah, for example, is commonly portrayed as the practice of witchcraft, but its practitioners consider it equivalent to other shamanic trance and ritual complexes utilized for healing and other socially valued actions. Among the Amazonian Parakanã, discussed by Carlos Fausto, no one admits to being a shaman but only to being a dreamer, because although only the former can heal people from the intrusion of karowara, “spirits,” even to admit to having seen karowara is to admit the possibility of being a witch. Ioan Lewis argues that, as “possession is the means by which the underdog bids for attention,” so “witchcraft accusations provide the countervailing strategy by which such demands are kept within bounds.” In addition to providing another illustration of the political roles of shamans, this also unveils the essential ambiguity of notions of shamanic power and sources of power, especially among socially marginal individuals and groups. If marginal people can access power to heal the victims of unwanted possession, what power will they wield when they voluntarily become possessed and actively control or master the spirits? The otherworld persons involved here are themselves ambiguous, tricksters at best, and “they can scarcely be expected to have shed completely their capacity to harm.” Lewis concludes that one who “can cast out malign spirits is ipso facto a witch,” and shamans cannot be entirely distinguished from such sinister and dangerous beings. By rejecting this possibility and allying itself with only positive values and actions, neo-shamanism undercuts its claims to access similar sources of power and its assertion of sharing a similar cosmology. These uses of the “witch” and “witchcraft” should be distinguished from Pagan witchcraft or Wicca.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Witchcraft — • As commonly understood, involves the idea of a diabolical pact or at least an appeal to the intervention of the spirits of evil Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Witchcraft Witchcraft … Catholic encyclopedia
Witchcraft — «Witchcraft» Сингл Pendulum из альбома Immersion Выпущен 18 июля 2010 года (цифровая загрузка) 19 июля 2010 года (CD сингл) 15 ноября 2010 года(винил) Формат CD сингл, загрузка, грампластинка Записан … Википедия
witchcraft — O.E. wiccecræft, from wicce (see WITCH (Cf. witch)) + cræft power, skill (see CRAFT (Cf. craft)). Witchcraft was declared a crime in English law in 1542; trials there peaked in 1580s and 1640s but fell sharply after 1660. The last, in 1717, ended … Etymology dictionary
witchcraft — witch craft (w[i^]ch kr[a^]ft), n. [AS. wiccecr[ae]ft.] [1913 Webster] 1. The practices or art of witches. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: Sorcery; enchantments; intercourse with evil spirits. [1913 Webster + PJC] 3. Power more than natural;… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Witchcraft — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Doom Metal Gründung 2000 Website http://www.witchcrafthome.com/ … Deutsch Wikipedia
witchcraft — wizardry, witchery, sorcery, *magic, alchemy, thaumaturgy … New Dictionary of Synonyms
witchcraft — [n] spell casting, magic abracadabra*, bewitchment, black art, black magic, charisma, conjuring, divination, enchantment, hocus pocus*, hoodoo*, incantation, jinx, magnetism, mumbo jumbo*, necromancy, occult, occultism, sorcery, spell,… … New thesaurus
witchcraft — ► NOUN ▪ the practice of magic, especially the use of spells and the invocation of evil spirits. See also WICCA(Cf. ↑Wiccan) … English terms dictionary
witchcraft — [wich′kraft΄] n. [ME wicchecrafte < OE wiccecræft] 1. the power or practices of witches; specif., a) black magic; sorcery b) white magic 2. an instance of the use of black magic or white magic 3. bewitching attraction or charm SYN … English World dictionary
Witchcraft — For other uses, see Witchcraft (disambiguation). Witch redirects here. For other uses, see Witch (disambiguation). The classic image of the witch astride a besom broom … Wikipedia
witchcraft — /wich kraft , krahft /, n. 1. the art or practices of a witch; sorcery; magic. 2. magical influence; witchery. [bef. 950; ME wicchecraft, OE wiccecraeft. See WITCH, CRAFT] Syn. 1. See magic. * * * Introduction the exercise or invocation of… … Universalium