- The Buryat and Yakut peoples of Mongolia and Siberia distinguish between two types of shaman: black shamans and white shamans. Although the distinction is never entirely systematic or absolute, white shamans do not enter trances but seek benefits from upper-world beings for their communities and animals. Piers Vitebsky notes that they may be called “priests” in other places. Caroline Humphrey (informed by Urgunge Onon and citing Galina Galdanova) notes that white shamans are comparable to the ritualists, bagchi, of the Daur Mongols in distinction from their shamans, yadgan, except that Daur bagchi are not shamans whereas white shamans are. Avariety of distinctions in the performance, costume, and social roles of the two groups is also evident. Black and white are not equivalent to “good” and “bad,” unlike the Amazonian distinction between curing shamans and dark shamans.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
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White Shamanism — A term like plastic medicine men that alleges that some or all neo shamans are frauds. In articles called “The Great Pretenders: Further Reflections on Whiteshamanism” and “Just What’s All This Fuss about Whiteshamanism Anyway?” Wendy Rose… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
New Age Frauds and Plastic Shamans — (or NAFPS) is a group of Native American activists and their supporters, dedicated to fighting cultural appropriation, and other abuses and misrepresentations of First Nations religions and cultures. HistoryBegun in 2001, NAFPS has provided a… … Wikipedia
Plastic shaman — The phrase plastic shaman is a pejorative colloquialism used for individuals who try to pass themselves off as shamans, or other traditional spiritual leaders, but who actually have no genuine connection to the traditions they claim to represent … Wikipedia
shamanism — shamanist, n., adj. shamanistic, adj. /shah meuh niz euhm, shay , sham euh /, n. 1. the animistic religion of northern Asia, embracing a belief in powerful spirits that can be influenced only by shamans. 2. any similar religion. [1770 80; SHAMAN… … Universalium
Buryatia — Located in south central Siberia along the eastern shore of Lake Baikal, and part of the Russian Federation, Buryatia is home to the nomadic hunter, herder, and pastoralist Buryat, of Mongol descent and the largest ethnic minority group in… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Altai — The Altai Kizhi, Telengits, Teles, and Teleuts are pastoralists of mixed Turkic Mongolian descent. After the great changes brought by Russian colonization in the 18th century, there arose shamans who, not bound to traditional clan structure,… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Siberia, Northern and Eastern — Siberia (a vast landmass stretching from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the borders of Mongolia and China in the south, and eastwards to the Pacific Ocean) is the so called locus classicus of shamanism. The term shaman itself derives from… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Black Shamanism — Caroline Humphrey cites the 19th century Buryat scholar Dorji Banzarov as saying that there was no indigenous term for shamanism, but that a recognizable complex of practices and cosmology had come to be called “the black faith,” har shashin,… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Sakha — Sakha may refer to peoples known as the Sakha (formerly Yakut) living in the Sakha region (Yakutia) in northeast Siberia; the Sakha language, which belongs to the Turkic family of languages; or the Sakha Republic, the largest independent… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Sakha — or Yakut Siberian people who speak a Turkic language. Most were formerly seminomadic, raising cattle and horses. They lived in winter settlements of earth covered log huts and summer camps of conical birch bark tents near pasturage and sources of … Universalium