- Among the other worlds of many shamanic cosmologies, the existence of realms under the earth are significant. Shamanic initiations and journeys may entail a visit to these places. Piers Vitebsky writes about the frequent and calm ritual descents of Sora shamans into the underworld to converse with ancestors. To do so, shamans prepare themselves by ceremonial means and then enter a trance and become monkeys climbing down a huge tree. Since the Sora underworld is the home of the dead, the shaman must be careful not to become trapped or obligated to remain there, for example, by eating the food of the dead or playing with children there. This not only illustrates the common understanding that underworlds are dangerous places but also reinforces the notion that shamans are distinct from other people in their familiarity with death. Heathen shamans also enter the underworld in trance ceremonies or seidr. A common initial experience of core shamanism, as taught by Michael Harner and his colleagues, is a descent into the underworld to discover one’s power animal or helper. Light trance is induced by rhythmic drumming (sometimes prerecorded) and initiates are guided to visualize themselves descending. A similar combination of visualization and guided meditation or self-reflection is utilized in Jungian therapeutic contexts. Sylvia Perera, for example, turned the ancient Sumerian poem Descent of Inanna into a powerful therapeutic tool, emphasizing allegedly shamanic themes.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
underworlds — n. criminal domain, organized crime; hell, netherworld; world existing beneath (for example beneath the surface of the sea) … English contemporary dictionary
Underworld — For other uses, see Underworld (disambiguation). The Underworld is a region which is thought to be under the surface of the earth in some religions and in mythologies. It could be a place where the souls of the recently departed go, and in… … Wikipedia
Atlantic City Conference — The Atlantic City Conference of 1929 is considered by most crime historians as the earliest organized crime summit held in the United States and held a major impact on the future direction of the underworld, it held more importance and… … Wikipedia
pre-Columbian civilizations — Introduction the aboriginal American Indian (Mesoamerican Indian) cultures that evolved in Meso America (part of Mexico and Central America) and the Andean region (western South America) prior to Spanish exploration and conquest in the 16th … Universalium
Hindu mythology — Part of a series on Hindu mythology Sources Vedas · Puranas Vedic mythology … Wikipedia
History of human sexuality — The social construction of sexual behavior mdash;its taboos, regulation and social and political impact mdash;has had a profound effect on the various cultures of the world since prehistoric times. Sources Sexual speech and by extension, writing… … Wikipedia
Limbo — In Roman Catholic theology, Limbo (Latin , edge or boundary, referring to the edge of Hell) is a hypothesis about the afterlife condition of those who die in original sin without being assigned to the Hell of the damned (gehenna). Limbo is not an … Wikipedia
Victimless crime — A victimless crime is a term used to refer to actions that have been ruled illegal but do not directly violate or threaten the rights of another individual. It often involves consensual acts in which two or more persons agree to commit a criminal … Wikipedia
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen — For the film adaptation, see The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (film). Not to be confused with the British comedy team The League of Gentlemen or the British crime film The League of Gentlemen (film). The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen… … Wikipedia
Honour — For other uses, see Honour (disambiguation). An illustration of the Burr Hamilton duel of 1804 – Alexander Hamilton defends his honour by accepting Aaron Burr s challenge Honour or honor (see spelling differences; from the Latin word honos,… … Wikipedia