- Marie Czaplicka, Marjorie Balzer, and Bernard Saladin d’Anglure demonstrate the importance of broadening the notion of gender to include not only male and female but also various mediating positions and roles. Czaplicka, for example, notes that shamans are a “third class,” separate from males and females. This separation enables shamans to mediate because they are already, by nature or initiation, “in-between” persons. This use of the term third gender to refer to shamans as a gender separate from male and female overlaps its use as a reference to homosexuality as a third gender. The marriage of some shamans to otherworld partners sometimes leads to their practice of transvestitism, but can also result in homosexual marriages in the “ordinary world.” Whether this is acceptable within the wider culture or a specific aspect of the strangeness of shamans varies from culture to culture, and perhaps from village to village.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Third gender — The terms third gender and third sex describe individuals who are considered to be neither women nor men, as well as the social category present in those societies who recognize three or more genders.The state of being neither male nor female may … Wikipedia
Gender identity disorder in children — Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood Classification and external resources ICD 10 F64.2 ICD 9 302.6 … Wikipedia
Gender variance — is a term that refers to those expressions of gender (masculinity and femininity) that do not conform to the dominant gender norms of Western culture. The term is used by scholars of psychology [Lynne Carroll, Paula J. Gilroy, Jo Ryan (2002),… … Wikipedia
Gender bender — is an informal term used to refer to a person who actively transgresses, or bends, expected gender roles. Boy George is called a gender bender because of his tendency to wear make up and clothes perceived as feminine.Gender bending is a form of… … Wikipedia
Gender-blind — (or unisex) is a term describing activities undertaken and services provided without regard to the gender of those who participate. Choice of words Unisex is an older term, and a misnomer meaning one sex . Some feel it carries the connotation of… … Wikipedia
Gender — This article is about the distinction between male and female entities and concepts. For other uses, see Gender (disambiguation). Gender is a range of characteristics used to distinguish between males and females, particularly in the cases of men … Wikipedia
Gender identity — Not to be confused with Sexual identity. Transgender topics Identities Androgyne · Genderqueer Hijra · Third gender / Third sex Transgender · Trans man Trans woman · Trigender … Wikipedia
Gender role — During World War II, women performed roles some of which would otherwise have been considered male jobs … Wikipedia
Gender — In particular local cultures, the question of gender may be a significant determinant of shamanic ability, acceptability, and authority. However, it is rarely as simple a matter as saying “among this group, shamans are always male, while among … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Gender binary — The gender binary is the idea that human gender exists in two forms: masculine and feminine. The term also describes the system in which a society divides people into male and female gender roles, gender identities and attributes. Gender role is… … Wikipedia