- The rise of “acid-house” rave parties, “techno” electronic music with repetitive and monotonous beats, and the use of the drug ecstasy (MDMA) in the late 1980s and early 1990s have given rise to the term techno-shamans, referring to participants in “dance culture” who use the drug and/or the aural driving of the rhythmic music to enter altered states of consciousness. MDMA stimulates heightened sensory perception, excitement, and endurance, allowing “ravers” to dance for prolonged periods. The internet had an increasingly prominent role, as ravers used this medium for dialogue, to establish virtual communities beyond the rave, and to disseminate information about dance venues. A government crackdown on rave culture and other alternative movements in Great Britain, with the Criminal Justice Act (1988) in particular, took pure (as opposed to club) “rave” underground; yet it has also had a major influence on popular music of the 1990s and to the present.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
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Introduction — There are shamans who may be able to heal, and others who may be successful at controlling game animals. Some shamans alter consciousness or use trance, others shape shift and journey to other worlds. Some mediate between their communities and … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Rouget, Gilbert — Ethnomusicologist of the Musée de l’Homme, Paris. Rouget is best known for his book Music and Trance (1985), in which he argues for a distinction between trance and ecstasy. Trance is said to involve and be induced by movement, noise, company … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Hoffman, Albert — (1906– ) Swiss chemist who synthesized the hallucinogen LSD (d lysergic acid diethylamide), a chemical derived from the ergot fungus he had been working on in order to develop new drugs for the firm Sandoz. While the drug initially offered… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Psychonauts — A term sometimes applied to neo shamans, Chaos Magickians, techno shamans, those ingesting entheogens, some Pagans, and other contemporary Westerners exploring the realms of altered states of consciousness. Where astronauts travel into space,… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
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Drums and drumming — Rhythmic sounds and movements are commonplace in shamanic performance. In Mircea Eliade’s construction of shamanism as “the techniques of ecstasy,” the creation of rhythm is the primary technique that induces ecstasy or the altered states of… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Music — In addition to the making of rhythmic sound aided by drums, rattles, bells, and other instruments, shamans in many cultures sing or chant in the course of the rituals they conduct. Some of this music has healing intent and/or properties, some… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
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