- Caroline Humphrey cites the 19th-century Buryat scholar Dorji Banzarov as saying that there was no indigenous term for shamanism, but that a recognizable complex of practices and cosmology had come to be called “the black faith,” har shashin, as a “direct contrast with Buddhism, which was called the ‘yellow faith.’” However, the Buryat and Sakha peoples of Siberia also distinguish between “black shamans” and “white shamans.” Black shamans enter a trance and descend into the underworld as part of their work as healers who combat various illnesses. Unlike the Amazonian distinction between curing shamans and “dark shamans,” black and white among the Buryat and Sakha peoples are not equivalent to “good” and “bad.” However, this contrast is made and elaborated by the Duha Tuvinians and Tuvinians in Mongolia and in the Republic of Tuva, among whom black is associated with malevolence, “evil deeds,” and pollution, according to Benedikte Kristen.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
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Black Elk, Wallace — (1921–2004) An Oglala Lakota who conducted healing and shamanic rituals both for Native and non Native Americans. His conversations with William Lyon (beginning in 1978) led to the publication of Black Elk: The Sacred Ways of a Lakota (1990),… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Black Elk, Nicholas — (1863–1950) Also known as Hehaka Sapa. An Oglala Lakota whose childhood visions and training enabled him to work as a holy man or medicine man: a healer, leader, and repository of sacred wisdom. In 1904 he converted to Catholicism and became a … Historical dictionary of shamanism
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Black Caribs — See Garifuna Religion … Historical dictionary of shamanism
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Neo-Shamanism — Also neo Shamanism, neoshamanism, new shamanism, whiteshamanism, contemporary shamanism, urban shamanism, Western shamanism. A term applied by scholars to engagement with, application of, or appropriation from indigenous or prehistoric… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Central Asia — Indigenous shamanisms, Buddhism, and Islam meet in this vast landlocked region, and considerable interaction has resulted in many creative fusions and cultural evolutions. Traditionally, the Uzbeks and Tajiks were agriculturalists and… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Chronology — Shamanism is sometimes said to be the earliest religion, the original religion. In fact, there is no evidence that could prove or disprove such a claim. To the contrary, it is certainly the case that every shaman living today utilizes skills… … Historical dictionary of shamanism