Native American Church
- Founded in Oklahoma in 1918 and creatively fusing elements recognizable from earlier indigenous religious traditions and movements of North America and Central America (especially those of the Huichol or Wixáritari) with elements of Christianity, the Native American Church attracts adherents from many Native American nations in both urban and reservation locations. It is sometimes described as “peyotism” because of the sacramental use of peyote buttons in purification and prayer. This is not to be confused with an encouragement of “psychedelic experience,” hedonism, or altered states of consciousness for their own sake. The church’s ritual teachings and practices are allied to a strong ethical and communal focus. Peyote is important as an otherthanhuman person and helper, sometimes identified with Jesus Christ, who aids people to restore respectful relationships and live appropriately (including without addiction to alcohol). Peyote is valued more for opening the “heart,” that is, as an inspirer of love and compassion, and the stomach, as a purifying purgative, than for any hallucinatory effects. The main ritualist or “road man” is sometimes compared to a shaman in the way he leads and serves his community. In rituals, the road man is supported by a number of other important officials, but all members of a local group are expected to participate fully in night-long meetings in which everyone is a participant rather than an observer. Thus, the church provides another example of a democratized form of shamanism, typical of Native America more generally.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
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Native American Church — insignia Native American Church, a religious denomination which practices Peyotism or the Peyote religion, originated in the U.S. state of Oklahoma, and is the most widespread indigenous religion among Native Americans in the United States.… … Wikipedia
Native American Church — [ neɪtɪv ə merɪkən tʃəːtʃ], nordamerikanische indianische Religionsgemeinschaft, deren Zentrum der Peyotekult bildet. 1918 in Oklahoma gegründet und in der Folge zeitweilig aufgrund von Anfeindungen und ungerechtfertigten Vorwürfen… … Universal-Lexikon
Native American Church — Die Native American Church, (auch Peyotismus oder Peyote Religion) hat ihre Wurzeln in Oklahoma und ist in den USA unter den indigenen Völkern die am weitesten verbreitete eigenständige Religion. Zur Peyote Religion gehört der Konsum von Peyote,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Native American Church — Symbole de la Native American Church La Native American Church (Eglise des Amérindiens) est un mouvement religieux syncrétique officiellement fondé dans l Oklahoma ( … Wikipédia en Français
Native American Church — or peyotism Religious movement among North American Indians involving the drug peyote. Peyote was first used to induce supernatural visions in Mexico in pre Columbian times; its use extended north into the Great Plains in the 19th century, and… … Universalium
native american church — noun Usage: usually capitalized N&A&C : an intertribal American Indian religious organization adapting Christianity to native beliefs and practices and including especially the sacramental use of peyote … Useful english dictionary
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