Art and Artifacts
- Art is a contested term, but the production of visual culture is consistent across shamanisms. Examples might include the impressive visual display of Siberian shamans’ costumes and maps of spirit realms on Saami shamans’ drums collected by early ethnographers for display in museum collections. Art in the West tends to be understood as paintings “in the frame” and sculptures “on the plinth” in galleries and museums. Although such a view is Eurocentric, perhaps more fitting to this view of art are the kaleidoscopic paintings of visionary experiences by Amazonian ayahuasceros and vegetalistas.Many indigenous peoples consider the objects and sometimes their decoration to be other-than-human persons in their own right. While never forgetting the constructed nature of artifacts (e.g., drums, masks, medicine bundles, and sucking tubes) with which they work, they perceive another more active and personal dimension to them. Greg Sarris’s writing about the Pomo basket weaver and doctor Mabel McKay provides some excellent examples of ways in which “object-persons” may be treated respectfully. From prehistory, artistic traditions associated with shamans include a number of rock art traditions that have been linked to the visions and other trance experiences of shamans, from cave art of the European Paleolithic period and Southern African rock art to the megalithic art of Northern Europe. In indigenous contexts, some of the most celebrated of shamanic art includes the brightly colored yarn paintings of the Huichol (Wixáritari) Indians in Mexico and the splitrepresentation perspective art of North America’s Pacific Northwest coast. Such indigenous shamanic art traditions have been appropriated into the Western dealer-critic system, with Huichol yarn paintings and Pacific Northwest wood carvings, for example, fetching high prices on the “primitive” art market.A number of modern artists have associated themselves with shamanism or have been labeled shamans by others. The most famous example is Joseph Beuys (1921–1986), who depicted shamans in many of his works and made altered states of consciousness an integral part of some of his performance pieces. Less well known, though no less significant, are occultist and artist Austin Osman Spare (1887–1956) and contemporary artist Marcus Coates. Marc Chagall (1887–1985) and Vasily Kandinsky (1866–1944) have also been labeled shamans, usually based on the influences of occultism, mysticism, and folklore on their work (as discussed in work by Michael Tucker and Mark Levy), but such sweeping interpretations tend to pay little or no attention to the diversity and contexts of shamanisms, preferring monolithic characterizations.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Archives and Artifacts — Infobox Album | Name = Archives and Artifacts Type = box Artist = Death Angel Released = February 1, 2005 Recorded = 1982 1989 Genre = Thrash metal Length = Label = Rykodisc Producer = Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|4.5|5… … Wikipedia
Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts — The Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts (CCAHA), located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was founded by Marilyn Kemp Weidner in 1977, with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities and in response to the growing problem … Wikipedia
Experiments in Art and Technology — (E.A.T.) was a non profit and tax exempt organization established to develop collaborations between artists and engineers. E.A.T. initiated and carried out projects that expanded the role of the artist in contemporary society and helped eliminate … Wikipedia
Museum of Art and Archaeology — This article is about a specific museum in Columbia, Missouri, United States. For other museums of art and archaeology, see List of museums. The Museum of Art and Archaeology, in Columbia, Missouri, is the art museum of the University of Missouri … Wikipedia
Sikh art and culture — The Sikhs are adherents to Sikhism the fifth largest organized religion in the world, with around 23 million adherents. Sikh History is around 500 years and in that time the Sikhs have developed unique expressions of art and culture which is… … Wikipedia
Alchemy in art and entertainment — References to alchemy in art and entertainment are too numerous to list. More titles can be found in the philosopher s stone article.Novels and playsMany writers lampooned alchemists and used them as the butt of satirical attacks. Two early and… … Wikipedia
Chamber of Art and Curiosities, Ambras Castle — A man with disabilities, Ambras Collection The Chamber of Art and Curiosities is a cabinet of curiosities created by Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria in the 16th century. Representing an excellent example of a late Renaissance encyclopedic… … Wikipedia
Art, Antiques, and Collections — ▪ 2003 Introduction In 2002 major exhibitions such as Documenta 11 reflected the diverse nature of contemporary art: artists from a variety of cultures received widespread recognition for work ranging from installation to video to painting … Universalium
Art repatriation — is the return of art or cultural objects, usually referring to ancient or looted art, to their country of origin or former owners (or their heirs). The disputed cultural property items are physical artifacts of a group or society that were taken… … Wikipedia
Art theft — is the theft of art. This is usually done for the purpose of resale or ransom; occasionally thieves are also commissioned by dedicated private collectors. Stolen art is also often used between criminals in an underworld banking system as… … Wikipedia