Mastery of Spirits
- Shamans are sometimes distinguished from other religious or cultural leaders by their ability to control or master spirits or other other-than-human persons. For example, it may be the shaman’s job to gain control of hostile beings who cause illness by overpowering ordinary people. They may combat beings who cause possession or “soul loss.” However, it is now clear that Mircea Eliade and Luc de Heusch overstate the distinction between shamans who master spirits and their clients and members of “possession cults” who are mastered by spirits. In Siberia, the Arctic, Greenland, and many other places, shamanic initiation and performance require a degree of control by otherworld helpers. It is more useful, then, to consider the empowering relationships between shamans and other-than-human persons to be reciprocal to some degree.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
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Juliet of the Spirits — Infobox Film name = Juliet of the Spirits caption= original italian film poster imdb id = 0059229 director = Federico Fellini writer = Federico Fellini Ennio Flaiano Tullio Pinelli Brunello Rondi starring = Giulietta Masina Sandra Milo Mario Pisu … Wikipedia
Bibliography — As the scope of the dictionary entries and extent of this bibliography make clear, there is a huge range of literature on shamans, from introductory works, general discussions on such topics as definition, and culture specific ethnographic… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Lewis, Ioan M. — (1930– ) Professor emeritus of anthropology at the London School of Economics and author of Ecstatic Religion: A Study of Shamanism and Spirit Possession (1971). His wide ranging research is important as a clarification of the relationship… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Aboriginal Australians — Many of the different language groups and peoples indigenous to Australia speak of “people of high degree” or “clever people.” These are usually elders with unusual abilities and esoteric knowledge who have exceptional skills as counselors… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Ainu — The largest indigenous population of Japan, descending from ancestors who migrated there around 10,000 years ago. The Ainu mainly live in the northern islands of what is now Japan, especially Hokkaido and the Tsugaru Strait area, although in… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Caribbean — A variety of practices evolved in the Caribbean interaction of indigenous , African , European , and Asian derived religious traditions. Some of these (e.g., Comfa, Myal, Obeah, Quimbois, Santería or Lucumí, and Vodou) involve trance and/or… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Heusch, Luc de — (1927– ) Professor of anthropology at the Free University of Brussels, Belgium. Following Mircea Eliade’s categorical distinction between shamanism as “mastery of spirits” and possession as “being controlled by spirits,” Heusch presented them… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Obeah — A Caribbean term with at least two distinct uses: It can label an accusation of malevolent sorcery, but it can also refer to practices that have evolved from the interaction of indigenous , African , European , and Asian derived religious… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Siberia, Northern and Eastern — Siberia (a vast landmass stretching from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the borders of Mongolia and China in the south, and eastwards to the Pacific Ocean) is the so called locus classicus of shamanism. The term shaman itself derives from… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Grönland — Kalaallit Nunaat (grönl.) Grønland (dän.) Grönland … Deutsch Wikipedia