- A lifeway employed by the majority of indigenous peoples, especially shamanic communities, involving the hunting of such game as deer, fish, and whales and the gathering of shellfish, fruit, honey, and so on. The terms gatherer-hunter and thoughtful forager, though problematic in their own right, have been used to iterate the prominence of gathering over hunting and to challenge the hierarchy of “man the hunter” and “woman the gatherer.” But these gender divisions of labor are often permeable. “Huntergatherer” retains currency, although it is overtly simplistic to define a people based on their economic strategy alone (the same could be said of modern Westerners as “capitalists”). Shamans are crucially important in many hunter-gatherer communities, especially those more dependent on hunting, where harmony between human and other-than-human persons is disrupted by the violence (killing for food) they inevitably do to one another. Shamans are indispensable as relationship brokers between human and other-than-human people, in persuading game to become a hunter’s quarry, and to make reparation for the breaking of taboos. As a slippery academic construct, while shamanism tends to be associated with hunter-gatherers, it might equally be applied to such contexts as farming (e.g., the megalithic art of post–Agrarian Revolution Europe and its possible origin in an altered state of consciousness) and capitalism (e.g., the Korean kam).
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
hunter-gatherer — hunter gatherers N COUNT Hunter gatherers were people who lived by hunting and collecting food rather than by farming. There are still groups of hunter gatherers living in some parts of the world … English dictionary
Hunter-gatherer — A hunter gatherer society is one whose primary subsistence method involves the direct procurement of edible plants and animals from the wild, foraging and hunting without significant recourse to the domestication of either. Hunter gatherers… … Wikipedia
Hunter-warrior — The term hunter warrior may refer to: *Hunter warrior (archaeology), a term for semi aristocratic hunter gatherers in archaeology. *Hunter warrior (Battle Angel Alita), a term for licensed bounty hunters in the Battle Angel Alita manga series … Wikipedia
hunter-gatherer — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms hunter gatherer : singular hunter gatherer plural hunter gatherers one of a group of people who live by killing wild animals and finding food and do not keep any animals or grow any crops … English dictionary
hunter-gathering — adjective Of or pertaining to hunter gatherers. groups in other hunter gathering and agricultural societies … Wiktionary
Hunter vs. farmer theory — The hunter vs. farmer theory is a hypothesis proposed by Thom Hartmann about the origins of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and adult attention deficit disorder (AADD), that these conditions may be a result of a form of adaptive… … Wikipedia
Man the Hunter — was the name given to a 1966 symposium organized by Richard Lee and Irven DeVore. The symposium resulted in a book of the same title and attempted to bring together for the first time a comprehensive look at recent ethnographic research on hunter … Wikipedia
Охотники и собиратели — (hunter gatherers), народ, существующий в естественной среде, не знающий с.х. или животноводства; живет, гл.об. собирая дикорастущие плоды и коренья и охотясь. О. и с. наиб, ранняя и простая форма человеческой орг ции. Австрал. аборигены,… … Народы и культуры
Paleolithic diet — This article is about a modern nutritional approach. For information on the dietary practices of Paleolithic humans, see Paleolithic#Diet and nutrition. Paleolithic style dish: seafood stew The modern dietary regimen known as the Paleolithic diet … Wikipedia
Paleolithic — The Paleolithic This box: view · talk · edit ↑ before Homo (Plioc … Wikipedia