- Etymologically, entheogen derives from Greek entheos, “possessed by a god” (which is related to the modern English giddy and Old English gidig, “possessed by a god/spirit”) and genous “produced.” Hence entheogen is literally “generate god or spirit within.” The term has currently gained popularity in describing consciousness-altering substances such as the peyote cactus, datura, ayahuasca vine, and LSD. Related terms are arguably more pejorative, overly generalist, or too specific: drugs is vague and retains negative associations, while visionary plants excludes a number of naturally occurring and synthesized substances and also unhelpfully privileges vision over other senses; psychedelic refers also to a specific, contentious era, and hallucinogen inevitably has connotations of mental aberration (illness) as does psychoactive in the prefix psycho-. Entheogen appears to be more sensitive to shamanic, rather than illegal or “recreational,” use of these substances, but Andy Letcher argues that it presumes a monotheistic ontology. Moreover, indigenous accounts attest that these substances are understood not as significant for what Western science would term active chemical agents, but as other-than-human persons in their own right, especially as helpers. Hence, for ayahuasceros, it is the brew itself that is crucially important rather than the chemical constituent DMT, since the brew is carefully produced and comprises a number of plant-people who help the shaman call upon altered styles of communication with other-than-humans. Notably, none of the popular Western terms discussed here recognize the importance of the purifying and purging aid given by significant helpers.
Historical dictionary of shamanism. Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Aztec use of entheogens — The Aztec use of entheogens is a well documented aspect of Aztec culture. Both archaeological and historic evidence of entheogen usage within Aztec society exist. Depictions of various plants, known to have psychoactive properties, have been… … Wikipedia
List of entheogens — This is a partial list of entheogenic substances:ee also*Entheogen *Ethnobotany *Psychedelic plants … Wikipedia
Entheogen — An entheogen, in the strictest sense, is a psychoactive substance used in a religious or shamanic (or entheogenic) context. Entheogens generally come from plant sources which contain molecules closely related to endogenous neurochemicals. They… … Wikipedia
Entheogenic drugs and the archaeological record — Contemporary Indigenous TraditionsThere are several Modern cultures that continue to practice the application of mind altering drugs for religious purposes. Some of these cultures include the Shamans of Siberia (who employ Fly Agarics to endues… … Wikipedia
Dimethyltryptamine — Systematic (IUPAC) name 2 (1H indol 3 yl) N … Wikipedia
Psychoactive drug — An assortment of psychoactive drugs A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that crosses the blood–brain barrier and acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it affects brain function,… … Wikipedia
Drogas enteogénicas y registro arqueológico — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Las relación de la humanidad con las drogas enteogénicas es larga y tiene variados y múltiples registros en la arqueología. Contenido 1 Tradiciones Indígenas Contemporáneas 2 Problemas en el registro arqueológico … Wikipedia Español
Religious experience — For the Wayne Proudfoot book, see Religious Experience (book). Religious experience (sometimes known as a spiritual experience, sacred experience, or mystical experience) is a subjective experience in which an individual reports contact with a… … Wikipedia
Ethereal being — Water nymph by John Collier, 1923. Ethereal beings, according to some belief systems and occult theories, are mystic entities that usually are not made of ordinary matter. Despite the fact that they are believed to be essentially incorporeal,… … Wikipedia
entheogen — (en.THEE.oh.jun; TH as in thin) n. A drug or other substance that engenders a deeply spiritual experience. entheogenic adj. Example Citations: Ken Tupper, a master s student in education at Simon Fraser University who wrote his thesis on the… … New words