A major role of many shamans is to defend their communities from enemy shamans, witches, or sorcerers, as well as predatory or aggressive other-than-human persons or spirits. The ability to know what is happening at a distance may be drawn on as an “early warning system,” just as it may aid in the investigation of the origins of illnesses and other negative phenomena. It is not always enough that shamans identify the source of aggression, though, and they may be expected to engage in combat themselves, either by joining other warriors or by shamanizing with harmful intent. This is part of what leads Carlos Fausto to describe Amazonian shamanism as “a predatory animism.”

Historical dictionary of shamanism. . 2007.


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  • combat — [ kɔ̃ba ] n. m. • 1538; de combattre 1 ♦ Action de deux ou de plusieurs adversaires armés, de deux armées qui se battent. ⇒ bataille. Spécialt Phase d une bataille. ⇒ 1. action, affrontement, choc, engagement, mêlée, 1. rencontre; baroud. Combat… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • combat — COMBAT. subs. masc. L action par laquelle on attaque, ou l on se défend. Combat d homme à homme. Combat singulier. Combat d une armée contre une autre armée. Combat douteux. Combat à outrance. Combat opiniâtre. Combat sanglant. Combat sur terre.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • combat — Combat. s. m. L action par laquelle on combat contre quelqu un. Combat d homme à homme. combat singulier. combat d une armée contre une autre armée. combat douteux. combat à outrance. combat opiniastré. combat sanglant. combat sur terre. combat… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • combat — Combat, m. acut. C est la meslée en bataille, de deux ou plusieurs, Certamen, Decertatio, Dimicatio, Discrimen, Praelium, Pugna, Conflictus, Selon ce on dit, Le combat a esté cruel, furieux, merveilleux entre les deux armées, Acriter admodum… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Combat — (französisch Kampf ) steht für: Combat (Résistance), französische Résistance Gruppe Combat (Zeitung), französische Zeitung Combat Spirituel, afrikanische Pfingstkirche Combat 18, Terrororganisation Combat 84, britische Band Siehe auch: Ace Combat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Combat! — Género Bélico Reparto Vic Morrow Rick Jason Pierre Jalbert Jack Hogan País de origen  Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Combat — Com bat (? or ?; 277), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Combated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Combating}.] [F. combattre; pref. com + battre to beat, fr. L. battuere to strike. See {Batter}.] To struggle or contend, as with an opposing force; to fight. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • combat — (v.) 1560s, from M.Fr. combat (16c., O.Fr. combattre, 12c.), from L.L. combattere, from L. com with (each other) (see COM (Cf. com )) + battuere to beat, fight (see BATTER (Cf. batter) (v.)). The noun is first recorded 1560s …   Etymology dictionary

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