Trance
   Shamans are sometimes distinguished from other religious or cultural leaders by their ability to deliberately enter altered states of consciousness. A trance may be considered a dissociative state of mind in which actors become unaware of their ordinary or physical surroundings. It has been assessed in completely contradictory ways: as either the equivalent or the opposite of possession. However, the work of Ioan Lewis and Caroline Humphrey, among others, demonstrates that both are performed behaviors and that the individual’s inner “state of mind” is hardly an issue for shamans, their clients, or communities. Both trance and possession, if they can be distinguished, are culturally recognizable patterns of behavior that demonstrate the presence and activity of otherworld beings, spirits, or other powerful other-than-human persons. That is, while many Western observers are interested in “trance” as a state of mind, what is significant to shamans and their (animist) communities is the active engagement or relationship between the shamans and their helpers and enemies. Since “entranced” shamans are supposed to be fully in control of their journeying in places and ways inaccessible to onlookers, and of their actions for others, to speak of “dissociation” is to miss what shamans consider most significant: their powerful association with helpers and clients. Trance is also important in a host of religious communities that are not normally considered shamanic except by those who equate shamanism with trance (and thus overgeneralize both terms).

Historical dictionary of shamanism. . 2007.

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  • Trance — denotes a variety of processes, techniques, modalities and states of mind, awareness and consciousness. Trance states may occur involuntarily and unbidden.The term trance may be associated with meditation, magic, flow, and prayer. It may also be… …   Wikipedia

  • trance —    Trance music belongs to the genre of electronically produced sound. Its immediate predecessors include techno (circa 1990), ambient wave (circa 1990), breakbeat (comprising jungle and drum ‘n’ bass, 1991–7) and initially acid house. The latter …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Trance — Trance, n. [F. transe fright, in OF. also, trance or swoon, fr. transir to chill, benumb, to be chilled, to shiver, OF. also, to die, L. transire to pass over, go over, pass away, cease; trans across, over + ire to go; cf. L. transitus a passing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • trance — sueño profundo anormal, de naturaleza histérica que puede ser inducido por el hipnotismo. [ICD 10: F44.3 ] Catalepsia Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010. trance 1. estado similar al sueño caracteri …   Diccionario médico

  • trance — [tra:ns US træns] n [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: transe, from transir to pass away, become unconscious , from Latin transire; TRANSIENT1] 1.) a state in which you behave as if you were asleep but are still able to hear and understand… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Trance — Sf std. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. trance aus afrz. transe Verscheiden, Angstzustand ; dieses zu afrz. transir verscheiden, vor Kälte starr sein usw. , aus l. trānsīre hinübergehen .    Ebenso nndl. trance, ne. trance, nfrz. transe,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • trance — (Del fr. transe, de transir, y este del lat. transīre). 1. m. Momento crítico y decisivo por el que pasa alguien. 2. Último estado o tiempo de la vida, próximo a la muerte. Último trance. [m6]Trance postrero, mortal. 3. Estado en que un médium… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Trance — Trance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tranced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Trancing}.] 1. To entrance. [1913 Webster] And three I left him tranced. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To pass over or across; to traverse. [Poetic] [1913 Webster] Trance the world over. Beau. &… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • trance — [ træns ] noun 1. ) count usually singular a state caused by HYPNOSIS in which someone can move and speak but is not conscious in a normal way: put someone in/into a trance: Her psychiatrist put her into a deep hypnotic trance. a ) a state in… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • trance — ► NOUN 1) a half conscious state characterized by an absence of response to external stimuli, typically as induced by hypnosis. 2) a state of inattention. 3) (also trance music) a type of electronic dance music characterized by hypnotic rhythms.… …   English terms dictionary

  • Trance — Trance, v. i. To pass; to travel. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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