Soul
   Many cultures posit the existence of various parts that make up a person (human or other-than-human). In addition to possessing arms and noses, or branches and trunks, or fins and gills, as the case may be, particular kinds of person may also possess a soul, or possibly more than one soul. Some writers translate indigenous terms as either soul(s) or spirit(s). In some cultures these terms can be equivalent to psyche, consciousness, or will, but they may instead refer to some more mystical aspect that is thought to survive death. The precise location of a soul in relation to other, especially physical, parts of a person varies in different cultural understandings. Since souls are often considered to be detachable aspects of a person, they may be the part that “journeys” to other worlds to seek knowledge, power, or help, or they may be lost. Shamans may performsoul projection” to combat enemies or to cause illness if they are at the sorcerer end of the shamanic continuum. When people infringe cultural taboos, the resulting “soul loss” often requires “soul retrieval.”

Historical dictionary of shamanism. . 2007.

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  • soul — [ sul ] adj. inv. et n. m. • 1962; mot angl. amér., proprt « âme » ♦ Anglic. Musique soul : musique des Noirs américains caractérisée par la pureté d inspiration et la sincérité d expression. Jazz soul. N. m. Jouer du soul. ⊗ HOM. Soûle (soûl). ● …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • soûl — soul [ sul ] adj. inv. et n. m. • 1962; mot angl. amér., proprt « âme » ♦ Anglic. Musique soul : musique des Noirs américains caractérisée par la pureté d inspiration et la sincérité d expression. Jazz soul. N. m. Jouer du soul. ⊗ HOM. Soûle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • soul — W3S3 [səul US soul] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(somebody s spirit)¦ 2¦(person)¦ 3¦(music)¦ 4¦(sense of beauty)¦ 5¦(special quality)¦ 6 be the soul of discretion 7 be good for the soul 8 God rest his/her soul 9¦(people in a place)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Soul — Soul, n. [OE. soule, saule, AS. s[=a]wel, s[=a]wl; akin to OFries. s?le, OS. s?ola, D. ziel, G. seele, OHG. s?la, s?ula, Icel. s[=a]la, Sw. sj[ a]l, Dan. si[ae]l, Goth. saiwala; of uncertain origin, perhaps akin to L. saeculum a lifetime, age (cf …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • soûl — soûl, oûle (sou, sou l ; dans soûl l l ne se prononce jamais, même devant une voyelle ; au XVIe siècle, Bèze note que saoul se prononce sou) adj. 1°   Pleinement repu, extrêmement rassasié. •   Laisse les [des mouches], je te prie, achever leur… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • soul — [ soul ] noun *** ▸ 1 mind/spirit of person ▸ 2 person ▸ 3 strong feeling/emotion ▸ 4 something s special qualities ▸ 5 soul music ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) count the part of a person that is capable of thinking and feeling a ) the spiritual part of a… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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  • Soul! — or SOUL! (1967–1971James Ledbetter, Made Possible By...: The Death of Public Broadcasting in the United States (1997), Verso, ISBN 1859840299, p. 64.] or 1967–1973 [http://www.wpafilmlibrary.com/wpanews/Volume 02.html WPA Film Library announces… …   Wikipedia

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