Rhythm
   Shamans in many cultures make use of rhythmic music, songs, chants, dances, and movements. Instruments as varied as drums, rattles, and bells are used. Claims are sometimes made that shamans always use a constant rhythm in healing and in inducing trances to facilitate journeying. However, not only are different rhythms claimed to be what Mongolian or Saami or Native American or other shamans use (3–4 or 4–7 beats per second are popular among the claimants, especially Cyberian and neo-shamans), it is not even the case that shamans always use their instruments to make a constant rhythm, pulse, or beat. Drums are often used to make noise without any discernible rhythm. While noise and rhythm may have testable effects on people, not only do these vary considerably but they are also valued differently from culture to culture. Gilbert Rouget’s study Music and Trance (1985) demonstrates that any effects of music, and especially of rhythm, operate only in the context of other influences acting on those who enter trance or ecstasy (between which he distinguishes). Other ethnomusicologists agree with this conclusion, if not with everything Rouget proposes.

Historical dictionary of shamanism. . 2007.

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  • rhythm — [ rıðəm ] noun ** 1. ) count a regular pattern of sounds in music that you can show by moving, hitting your hands together, or hitting a drum or other surface: They began moving together to the rhythm of the music. He tapped out the rhythm on the …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • rhythm — rhythm, meter, cadence can all mean the more or less regular rise and fall in intensity of sounds that one associates chiefly with poetry and music. Rhythm, which of these three terms is the most inclusive and the widest in its range of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rhythm — (n.) 1550s, from L. rhythmus movement in time, from Gk. rhythmos measured flow or movement, rhythm, related to rhein to flow, from PIE root *sreu to flow (see RHEUM (Cf. rheum)). In Medieval Latin, rithmus was used for accentual, as opposed to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • rhythm — [rith′əm] n. [< Fr or L: Fr rythme < L rhythmus < Gr rhythmos, measure, measured motion < base of rheein, to flow: see STREAM] 1. a) flow, movement, procedure, etc. characterized by basically regular recurrence of elements or features …   English World dictionary

  • Rhythm — Album par ルーク・ヴァイバート Sortie 2008 Enregistrement 2008 Durée 48:35 Genre Musique électronique Producteur Luke Vibert …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rhythm — Rhythm, n. [F. rhythme, rythme, L. rhythmus, fr. Gr. ??? measured motion, measure, proportion, fr. rei^n to flow. See {Stream}.] 1. In the widest sense, a dividing into short portions by a regular succession of motions, impulses, sounds, accents …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rhythm — ► NOUN 1) a strong, regular repeated pattern of movement or sound. 2) the systematic arrangement of musical sounds, according to duration and periodical stress. 3) a particular pattern formed by such arrangement: a slow waltz rhythm. 4) the… …   English terms dictionary

  • rhythm — index regularity Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • rhythm — англ. [ри/дзм] Rhythmus нем. [ри/тмус] ритм …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • rhythm — [n] beat, accent of sound, music bounce, cadence, cadency, downbeat, flow, lilt, measure, meter, metre, movement, pattern, periodicity, pulse, regularity, rhyme, rise and fall, swing, tempo, time, uniformity; concept 595 …   New thesaurus

  • Rhythm — For other uses, see Rhythm (disambiguation). Rhythm, a sequence in time repeated, featured in dance: an early moving picture demonstrates the waltz …   Wikipedia

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