Purgatives
   Many shamanic rituals and performances include the ingestion of plants that result in vomiting. Some observers, including enthusiastic participants (e.g., Gordon Wasson) have mistaken this for an unfortunate and embarrassing side effect, but the pervasive indigenous understanding is that this is the key thing: it is an absolutely necessary act of purification aided by powerful other-than-human persons. Maria Sabina, for example, insisted that if a patient or client did not vomit with the help of mushrooms, as ritualist and doctor she would have to do so. Many of the plants valued as inspirers of visions or altered states of consciousness are at least equally important as emetics (inducers of vomiting) and aids toward purity.

Historical dictionary of shamanism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • purgatives — pur·ga·tive || pÉœrgÉ™tɪv / pɜː n. purging substance, cathartic, laxative adj. cathartic, causing defecation, causing a bowel movement; cleansing, purifying …   English contemporary dictionary

  • drug — drug1 /drug/, n., v., drugged, drugging. n. 1. Pharm. a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well being. 2. (in federal law) a. any substance… …   Universalium

  • Drug — /droog/, n. Zoroastrianism. the cosmic principle of disorder and falsehood. Cf. Asha. [ < Avestan drauga] * * * I Any chemical agent that affects the function of living things. Some, including antibiotics, stimulants, tranquilizers,… …   Universalium

  • purgatif — purgatif, ive [ pyrgatif, iv ] adj. et n. m. • déb. XIVe; bas lat. purgativus ♦ Qui a la propriété de purger, de stimuler les évacuations intestinales. ⇒ cathartique, dépuratif, drastique, évacuant, laxatif. Plantes purgatives. Huiles purgatives …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • laxative — laxatively, adv. laxativeness, n. /lak seuh tiv/, n. 1. a medicine or agent for relieving constipation. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or constituting a laxative; purgative. 3. Archaic. a. (of the bowels) subject to looseness. b. (of a disease)… …   Universalium

  • ellébore — [ elebɔr; ɛllebɔr ] n. m. VAR. hellébore • mil. XIIIe; lat. d o. gr. helleborus ♦ Plante herbacée (renonculacées), vivace, dont la racine a des propriétés purgatives et vermifuges, qui passait autrefois pour guérir la folie. Ellébore fétide ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • médicinier — [ medisinje ] n. m. • 1765; du lat. medicina « médecine » ♦ Bot. Arbrisseau à graines purgatives (euphorbiacées), dont le manioc est une variété. ● médicinier nom masculin (latin medicina, médecine) Autre nom du jatropha. médicinier n. m …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • séné — [ sene ] n. m. • XIIIe; lat. médiév. sene, ar. sanas ♦ Arbrisseau (légumineuses) produisant des gousses dont on extrait une drogue laxative; cette drogue. ⇒ cassier. Loc. fam. Vieilli Je vous passe la casse, passez moi le séné : faisons nous des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • médicinier — (mé di si nié) s. m. Médicinier sauvage (jatropha gossypifolia, L.), arbrisseau d Amérique à graines purgatives ; médicinier multifide (jatropha multifida, L.), arbrisseau qui produit un fruit appelé noisettes purgatives (euphorbiacées).… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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