Mapuche
   A Chilean indigenous people among whom the revitalization of shamanism was a significant part of the cultural resurgence and political activism that resisted and critiqued the oppressive Chilean regime in the 1970s and beyond. Traditionally, a shaman, machi—whose association with healing is indicated by the similarity of the term machitun, “a healing ceremony”—renewed her (sometimes his) relationship with spirit helpers in complex, communal ceremonies that included renewal of the shaman’s rewe, a totemic post, and altars. Communal rituals, gillatun, were supposed to take place every four years (four being a sacred number) and renewed social and intercommunal relationships. The reorganization of both shamanic and communal renewal ceremonies provided a focus for the indigenous rights movement in Chile. As elsewhere, shamans do not choose the profession, but inherit the role from a parent or other relative who elects his or her successor and passes their spirit on as a helper. The onset of initiation is marked by illness and is usually unavoidable. During trances, the spirit speaks through the shaman, but a special translator, a zugumachife, is required to convey the meaning of messages about healing. Shamans are both ritual leaders (although requiring the support of several other kinds of ritualists) and repositories of knowledge about the past and communal concerns. Mapuche communities are ambivalent about their shamans and about the value of continuing the revitalization of shamanic and other traditional practices.

Historical dictionary of shamanism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mapuche — Mapuche …   Wikipedia

  • mapuche — adj. 2 g. s. 2 g. s. m. O mesmo que araucano.   ‣ Etimologia: espanhol mapuche …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • mapuche — (Del mapuche mapu, tierra, país, y che, gente). 1. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo amerindio que, en la época de la conquista española, habitaba en la región central y centro sur de Chile. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • mapuche — adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Uso/registro: restringido. Araucano, de una provincia de Chile …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Mapuche — Araukanerinnen (Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mapuche — Mapuches Localisation des Mapuches Drapeau mapuche …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mapuche — Ma·pu·che (mä po͞oʹchā, chĕ) n. pl. Mapuche or Ma·pu·ches 1. A member of a South American Indian people inhabiting south central Chile. 2. The Araucanian language of the Mapuche. Also called Mapudungun.   [Mapuche : mapu, earth + che, people.] *… …   Universalium

  • Mapuche — ► adjetivo 1 De un pueblo amerindio del grupo araucano que habita en el Cono sur americano. ► sustantivo masculino femenino 2 Persona originaria de este pueblo. ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino femenino 3 De Arauca, región de Chile. * * * mapuche …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • mapuche — {{#}}{{LM M24869}}{{〓}} {{[}}mapuche{{]}} ‹ma·pu·che› {{《}}▍ adj.inv./s.com.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} De Arauco (región chilena) o relacionado con él: • La economía mapuche se basa principalmente en productos agropecuarios.{{○}} {{<}}2{{>}} De un pueblo… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Mapuche — noun (plural Mapuche or Mapuches) Etymology: Mapuche mapuče, a self designation, from mapu land + če people Date: 1855 1. an American Indian people of southern Chile; also a member of this people 2. the Araucanian language of the Mapuche …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mapuche — 1. noun a) An indigenous group of inhabitants of Central and Southern Chile and Southern Argentina. b) The language of the Mapuche people. Syn: Mapudungun 2. adjective …   Wiktionary

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