Elders
   Shamans are rarely the only social and ritual leaders in their communities. Caroline Humphrey, Urgunge Onon, and Marjorie Balzer clarify the role of shamans by discussing the differences between them and elders. There are ceremonies that shamans perform, and others that elders perform. Sometimes shamans are specifically barred from participating in ceremonies run by elders; at other times, they can be present but must not shamanize. The bear ceremonial complex demonstrates that the distinction between shamans and elders is not necessarily that shamans engage with the other world, spirits, or other-than-human persons and elders do not. Rather, shamans and elders may do similar things in different ways, or elders sometimes do what shamans do more expertly and powerfully, or in more fraught or dangerous situations. Shamans are sometimes defined as those who have already experienced death during the initiation rites, which remake them as distinct kinds of people from elders, who are those approaching death. Similarly, the intense and intimate relationships evolving from initiation and shamanic performance may entail obligations to their otherworld or other-than-human kin and companions that prevent shamans from doing certain things. For example, shamans may be barred from hunting because animals will know of their approach (although, as with bear ceremonialism, they may indicate auspicious times and places).

Historical dictionary of shamanism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elders — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Leo Elders SVD (* 1926), niederländischer Theologe Tara Elders (* 1980), niederländische Schauspielerin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • elders — In Israelite society, heads of families; collectively they form the leadership of the tribe (Josh. 9:11), or, under the monarchy, of the ruling class (2 Sam. 3:17). Eldership was never the title of an office to which an individual might be… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • elders —    The office of presbyter, commonly translated as elder, appears in the New Testament church. in Acts 15 the elders meet with the apostles to make decisions. In Acts 14:23, Paul and Barnabas designate elders to lead each of the churches they… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Elders — Recorded in the spellings of Elder and Elders, and sometimes, although incorrectly confused with Alder, this is a medieval English surname. It originally described an older person usually a father or brother, who had the same name as a later… …   Surnames reference

  • Elders — biographical name (Minnie) Joycelyn 1933 née Jones United States surgeon general (1993 94) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • elders — ➡ Presbyterian * * * …   Universalium

  • ELDERS —    generally any learned or authoritative figures in religious traditions. Specifically laity who assist the Minister in PRESBYTERIAN and CONGREGATIONAL forms of CHURCH GOVERNMENT to run CHRISTIAN CONGREGATIONS …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • elders — sb. [elderne]. RG. 11 …   Oldest English Words

  • elders — eld·er || eldÉ™ n. any of a number of trees or shrubs; person who is older …   English contemporary dictionary

  • ELDERS — …   Useful english dictionary

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